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Itinerary to discover Parma and its attractions

Itinerary to discover Parma and its attractions

Its rich history is witness to all in the charming historic core of the city center that welcomes visitors and citizens in a refined atmosphere of small capital.

Renowned for art and music, Parma is an elegant city, open and hospitable situated along the Via Emilia, between the Apennines and the Po Valley, and crossed by the river, a tributary of the Po. The city is known in Italy and worldwide for the quality of life that always places high in the rankings of cities in which to reside. The name of Parma is also linked to renowned culinary traditions, taste for fine food and quality, excellent products such as Parmigiano Reggiano and Prosciutto. Moreover, the city is in a strategic position that allows you to easily reach tourist destinations, cultural and maritime.

Founded in 183 BC, Parma in 1545 became an autonomous state under the rule of the Farnese family, who ruled until 1731, when they took over the Bourbons. During these years, Parma became a reference point for many painters and writers, enriching itself at the same time works of great artistic value. Its rich history is all documented in the charming historic core of the city center that welcomes visitors and citizens in a refined atmosphere of small capital. The historic center of Parma is marked by three major poles: Garibaldi Square, the center of communal life; Piazza Duomo, where lie the greatest expressions of artistic-religious; and Piazza della Pilotta, today Piazzale della Pace, symbol of ducal power.

Its great historical and cultural tradition reflects in a series of monuments scattered around the city and its immediate surroundings, among which are two of the most interesting monuments of Italy: the Cathedral dedicated to the Assumption, a splendid example of Romanesque art enriched with precious paintings and frescoes as those of Correggio's Dome and others attributed to Parmigianino and Antelami; and the Baptistery, building symbol of the transition from Romanesque to Gothic, in which are to be reported thirteenth-century Byzantine frescoes, which clothe the dome, and especially the twelve statues depicting the months, due largely to Antelami. Among other Religious architecture should be delivered: the Church of SS Annunziata, one of the most significant monuments of Mannerism's experimental second half of the sixteenth century; the Church of Our Lady of Steccata, among the most significant examples of the Italian Renaissance; the Church of St. John the Evangelist, with magnificent frescoes of Correggio and Parmigianino; and the Church of San Vitale, one of the oldest of the old town, inside which you can admire valuable works of great Italian artists.
 

Among the Civil architectures stands Il Palazzo della Pilotta, former service building of the Farnese family in the eighteenth century became the cultural center of the city. Nowdays the building is a treasure chest of unique museums such as the Archaeological Museum; the beautiful Palatina Library, with precious incunabula and illuminated manuscripts; the National Gallery; and il Teatro Farnese, a unique example in the world of large wooden theater, built in 1618. Of particular interest is Palazzo del Giardino, commissioned by Ottavio Farnese in 1561 and built to a design by Vignola, in which are still present, including others, some frescoes of the '500 by Jacopo Bertoja, a room frescoed by Agostino Carracci and stuccos by Luca Reti; the Governor's Palace, built in the thirteenth century but completely rebuilt in 1760; and Eucherio Sanvitale Palace, extraordinary example of architecture of the early '500.

But Parma is above all a city of music and theater, a passion that is manifested in the variety of proposals and structures dedicated to it: the Paganini Auditorium, the House of Music, the Arturo Toscanini Birthplace and Museum, the House of sound and not leat to remember the Royal Theatre, built in 1821 by architect Bettoli in neoclassical lines. As for the museums, in addition to those already mentioned, are worth a visit: the Stuart Art Gallery, with a collection of over two hundred works of various artistic and pictorial cultures; the Glauco Lombardi Museum with a rich documentation of Marie Louise of Austria and the Napoleonic period; G. Ferrari Museum and Puppet Castle, with one of the most important Italian collections of puppet theater; and an unusual Museum of Chinese Art, which houses one of the richest Italian collections of ceramics, jewelry and paintings from China.

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